Future Landscapes

ii. Set-up | Pixels, color space, print size and layers

ii. Set-up | Pixels, color space, print size and layers


Basic Imaging Set-Up:

-What is image size, what are pixels, aspect ratio, resolution, and print size?

-What are color settings and how do I set them?

-What color space do I work in?

-What do commercial printers do with images when they print them?

-How do I ensure the best quality for the most optimized image size?

-Managing file size - what happens when we duplicate a tree 400 times?

-Setting up a file & determining render sizes from photoshop

-Exporting linework from CAD: how to separate

-Matching sizes from 3D-CAD-Photoshop


-Why it's important to build up a layer structure from back to front

-How to keep organized when transferring files in; duplicating & naming convention

-Differences in layer structures for plans vs. perspectives (adding linework; creating fills)

Light / Color / Effects

  • the layers that add visual cohesion and an overall sense of atmosphere
  • textures / grains / noise / gradients
  • colors / actions
  • vignettes
  • overall contrast and brightening
  • saturation
  • lighting effects
  • shadows that effect the whole

People + Accessories

  • the layers that give life and animation to a space
  • background to foreground
  • include vehicles, animals, cyclists, people, balloons, etc.

Trees + Vegetation

  • The main landscape / contextual features
  • trees, bushes, flower beds,  lightposts, urban furniture, vehicles, bike racks, signage, etc.
  • background to foreground - some slipping between this layer and the above may be necessary.

Paving + Grass

  • The basic materials that make up the space upon which everything else depends
  • background to foreground
  • grass, paving, paths, roads, glass, reflections, water, snow, ice,

Render  / Background

  • The visual structure upon which the design is built or illustrated; usually a sketch, render, or site photo (or combination)
  • The sky + far background information: city context, sky line,  horizon, etc.

Additional Tools:

-Using actions to record transformations you will have to repeat later

-Using a diffuse layer or selection layer; storing, adding, subtracting, replacing, and loading saved selections!


-Selection exercise from diffuse channel

-Create standard photoshop files for your library (A-series or ARCH / Imperial series) with layer structures included